Sometimes reading a text together whole class is necessary, but as teachers we worry that it might not be the best use of our limited time. It is easy for 3rd grade, 4th grade, and 5th grade students’ minds to wander, and it hard to hold them accountable for following along in a way that doesn’t shame students.
In the past, round robin reading (where students read a short section of the text aloud one at a time) has been used as a method for holding students accountable for reading together with the entire class. However, research has shown that round robin reading is ineffective and even counterproductive to our goals.
There are a lot of better methods out there – choral reading or echo reading, for example. However, these can be more time consuming. So how can we read a text together, with the entire class, while making every student is getting the most out of it as possible – building fluency, decoding, and comprehension skills while reading – and not use up all of our valuable class time?
Fill In the Blank Reading
My favorite method is what I called “Fill in the Blank” reading. With this method, I would read the text aloud while students followed along in their heads. As I was reading, I would often pause, and my 3rd grade students would say the next word aloud. Then I would continue reading, pausing at a new word later on. So simple, yet so powerful.
This accomplished several things that round robin reading never could as effectively:
- Students heard good fluency modeled.
- We didn’t have to spend as much time actually reading the text, as I read much more quickly then students and transitions were minimized.
- Even though students were not reading very many words aloud, they were still building fluency and decoding skills as they followed along with their eyes.
- I was easily able to include think alouds and ask questions as we read.
- No student was shamed or embarrassed.
- It kept my faster readers engaged (since they were following along with me instead of a slower peer) and provided scaffolding for my struggling readers who would never be able to read the text independently.
I used this method regularly in my class - and not just during our reading block. I would use this if I was going over a PowerPoint presentation, or reading the instructions to an experiment, or going over a test, or reading a word problem. This helped keep students reading as much as possible instead of just listening to me.
Holding Students Accountable
If you use this "fill in the blank" method with your class, it could be easy for students to not participate, defeating the whole purpose. To prevent this from happening, I used a simple, non-shaming way of holding students accountable.
I originally started this method by asking students to follow along with their finger. This way, I could be sure students were following along. However, this seemed too laborious and unnatural for me.
Instead, I would walk around the classroom as we were reading together. When I tapped a student on the shoulder, the student was expected to quietly point at where we were in the text. This would help me confirm that they were actually following along with their eyes.
If a student was unable to point out where we were in the text, I would help them out. That student knew I would come back to them later.
Usually, that was enough. As the year progressed and I knew my third graders better, I knew which ones needed to be held more accountable and which ones didn't.
If a student was repeatedly unable to follow along, this was usually a clue for me that something else was going on in their lives. I would try to talk to them one on one later and give them a chance to share.
One year, I had a student that was simply incapable of following along because she was so far behind in her reading skills (she still didn't know all her letters and sounds), so I differentiated for her in other ways. Generally, however, all of my students were able to keep up with me and follow along with their eyes, even if they were a couple of grade levels behind.
Other Tips For Using This Method
You can use this "fill in the blank" whole class reading method alongside other methods like choral reading and echo reading. Have students echo read a sentence when you want them to practice reading with expression, or have them choral read a sentence with an important vocabulary word in it.
You can also use this method to partner up your more advanced students with students that need more scaffolding. After your students have seen this strategy modeled, it is easy for them to imitate. Partner up students and have the advanced students be the "teacher" and pause every now and then for the student that requires more scaffolding to "fill in the blank."
Students can learn a lot by just following along with their eyes! That is how my parents taught me to read!
You might like some of these other ways to provide scaffolding to your upper elementary students.
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